bacterial cell wall; some have pili (sticky) some propelled by flagellum; Eukaryotic cells ; from Greek eu for "true" and karyon for kernal or "nucleus" fundamentally similar to each other; profoundly different from prokaryoes; characteristics of eukaryotic cells; in general; comparing animal and plant cell; presence vs. absence of cell walls ... The primary difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes involves the role of membranes throughout the cell. Eukaryotes feature a true nucleus, with a lipid bilayer separating the genetic material from the rest of the cell (this membrane is known as the nuclear envelope).
Fermentation is performed by both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, but the best example is yeast which produces ethanol from glucose in the absence of oxygen. All cells can be classified into one of two groups based on the presence or absence of a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles.
and eukaryotic cells is the presence of membrane-bound organelles, a feature that only eukaryotes have. Organelles of the endomembrane system separate functions within the eukaryotic cell, like a bunch of tiny factories that work together to help the cell run.